The IFS says tax cuts are harder to justify than the energy price cap.
Prime Minister Liz Truss's plans to cut payroll taxes and reverse a planned increase in corporation tax risk putting Britain's national debt on an unsustainable upward path, the Institute for Fiscal Studies think tank said on Wednesday.
Truss promised the tax cuts, worth around 30 billion pounds a year, as part of her successful campaign for the Conservative Party leadership, along with a temporary subsidy for household energy bills that will cost around 100 billion pounds.
The IFS - widely treated in Britain as a non-partisan arbiter of government budget plans - said the permanent nature of the tax cuts made them harder to justify than the energy price cap, a response to Russia's invasion of Ukraine.
"Reversing National Insurance Contributions and corporation tax rises would leave debt on an unsustainable path," it said.
Finance minister Kwasi Kwarteng will set out details of Truss's plans on Friday, but will not provide new economic forecasts from the government's Office for Budget Responsibility until a full budget later this year - a decision the IFS called "disappointing".
During the leadership contest, Truss said her main rival for the top job, former finance minister Rishi Sunak, was threatening growth by raising taxes and bowing to "Treasury orthodoxy".
The IFS said there was little guarantee that permanent tax cuts would create enough growth to pay for themselves.
"There is no miracle cure, and setting plans underpinned by the idea that headline tax cuts will deliver a sustained boost to growth is a gamble, at best," it said.
Truss's plans were likely to lead to a persistent budget deficit of around 3.5% of gross domestic product after the energy subsidies had ended well above its pre-financial crisis average of 1.9%, the IFS forecast.
(Reporting by David Milliken, Editing by Kylie MacLellan)
UK Tax Cuts Risk 'Unsustainable' Debt Rise - Think Tank